Femtotechnology is a term used by some futurists to refer to structuring of matter on a femtometre scale, by analogy with nanotechnology and picotechnology. This involves the manipulation of excited energy states within atomic nuclei to produce metastable (or otherwise stabilized) states with unusual properties. In the extreme case, excited states of nucleons are considered, ostensibly to tailor the behavioral properties of these particles (though this is in practice unlikely to work as intended).

Practical applications of femtotechnology are currently considered to be unlikely. The spacings between nuclear energy levels require equipment capable of efficiently generating and processing gamma rays, without equipment degradation. The nature of the strong interaction is such that excited nuclear states tend to be very unstable (unlike the excited electron states in Rydberg atoms), and there are a finite number of excited states below the nuclear binding energy, unlike the (in principle) infinite number of bound states available to an atom's electrons. Similarly, what is known about the excited states of individual nucleons seems to indicate that these do not produce behavior that in any way makes nucleons easier to use or manipulate, and indicates instead that these excited states are even less stable and fewer in number than the excited states of atomic nuclei.

The hypothetical hafnium bomb can be considered a crude application of femtotechnology.