The runner is the flow path by which the molten plastic travels from the sprue (i.e. the moulding machine) to the gates (i.e. the cavity). To prevent the runner freezing off prematurely, its surface area should be small so as to minimize heat transfer to the mould. However, the cross sectional area of the runner should be large so that it presents little resistance to the flow of the plastic but not so large that the cycle time needs to be extended to allow the runner to solidify for ejection.

The following factors must be considered while designing a runner system.

Cross section of runner.

Size of the runner.

Runner layout.

The different types of runner profiles widely used in mould are

1) Half round.

2) Fully round.

3) Rectangular.

4) Hexagonal.

5) Trapezoidal.

6) Modified trapezoidal.